November 30

The new Well-Being Theory, by Martin E. P. Seligman

Posted by aadsera

In 2002 Martin E. P. Seligman proposed what he called the "Authentic Happiness Theory." In 2011, in his new book, Flourish, Seligman reformulated his ideas on positive psychology and proposed a new "Well-Being Theory."

Seligman says that the problem with the word happiness is that it has been used so much that its meaning has become blurred to the point of representing a concept that is scientifically impractical. In addition, the monism that the concept of happiness carries with it involves considering that all human motivations can be reduced to a single fundamental. Seligman says we must dissolve the monism of happiness and instead use elements we can work with scientifically. In this new approach, Seligman believes that the core of positive psychology has to revolve around the concept of well-being, which is much more practical.

The new Well-Being Theory no longer focuses on happiness and measuring satisfaction with life, but instead focuses on well-being and measures five components: 1) positive emotion, 2) engagement, 3) meaning, 4) positive relationships, and 5) accomplishment. So, Seligman has opted to add two elements – positive relationships and accomplishment – that relate to success and mastery, and that explain why people try to succeed just for the sake of succeeding.

Reference:
Seligman, M.E.P. (2011). Flourish. Atria Books.

November 15

Unconscious motivation plays an important role in overcoming the challenges of life

Posted by aadsera

When faced with a challenge that requires a lot of effort, like studying for a decisive exam or finishing an important task at work, willpower is not enough. The reserve of motivation provided by willpower is spent quickly, which means that people must use other means to self-motivate. A scientific study has concluded that internal unconscious motivation can significantly increase our performance.

Dr. Peter Gröpel and Prof. Hugo Kehr, of the Technische Universität München (TUM), have investigated how unconscious motivation can influence our willpower. Some of the motivating forces are: unconscious desire to do things well, having influence over others, and commitment in interpersonal relationships.

The authors say that this unconscious motivation can be drawn on positively in business. For example, if you have a worker who is motivated by achievement, encourage him to participate in creative projects with little bureaucratic structure.

Reference:
Gröpel, P., Kehr, H.M., (2013). Motivation and Self-Control: Implicit Motives Moderate the Exertion of Self-Control in Motive-Related Tasks. Journal of Personality.